In the initial stages, atherosclerosis occurs without the manifestation of expressed symptoms. The diagnosis is often established when a stroke has already happened. However, there are a number of symptoms paying attention to which, you will be able to notice the pathology in time and carry out drug therapy with My Canadian Pharmacy.
At an early stage, atherosclerosis is characterized by periodic transient ischemic attacks. Their duration may be different: from several minutes to 1 hour. At this time, the patient may feel tingling or itching in one half of the body. This symptom often occurs in the upper or lower extremity. There is also a feeling of torpor, weakness, incoherent speech, one eye blindness is sometimes observed and control of the limb is lost.
In some cases, transient attack manifestations can last up to 24 hours. You should contact a specialist for diagnosis even with a single occurrence of such a condition. Only in this way, the disease can be detected and treated in time to prevent the development of much more severe pathologies.
Similar symptoms may also be characterized by the development of a stroke in rare cases. So do not doubt to contact a medical institution.
Causes of carotid atherosclerosis and stenosis
The occurrence of atherosclerotic calcifications in the carotid arteries occurs for the same reasons as in other vessels.
The causes are:
- bad habits: abuse of alcohol, smoking;
- hypertonic disease;
- endocrine pathology;
- disruption of lipid metabolism;
- improper nutrition;
- frequent stressful situations;
- sedentary lifestyle;
- reduced immunity.
Only in rare cases, the disease develops on the background of the carotid aneurysm or fibromuscular dysplasia.
Carotid Atherosclerosis Treatment
Only complex therapy can eliminate this pathology. Treatment should begin with the normalization of lifestyle. First of all, it is necessary to quit bad habits and, if possible, increase physical activities.
Carotid atherosclerosis therapy requires nutritional adjustment. It is necessary to keep a diet that prohibits the use of smoked meat, lard, fatty foods, carbonated, alcoholic drinks, strong coffee and tea, pastries, white bread. Replace non-recommended products with fresh vegetables and fruits.
The medication from My Canadian Pharmacy can be used to help cope with the symptoms. This may be antihypertensive drugs, painkillers. Also, there prescribed drugs that reduce the concentration of cholesterol in the blood.
Additionally, the doctor may prescribe drugs to strengthen the blood vessels and normalize body metabolism.
In the case of the neglected forms of the disease, there required surgical treatment.
Surgical treatment includes:
- carotid endarterectomy. It is performed under local or general anesthesia. After a small incision, a plaque is removed which narrows arterial lumen which disrupts blood flow.
- stenting and balloon angioplasty. This is a new, innovative method. It is performed under local anesthesia. It is used in the case when the previous method of treatment is contraindicated.
Atherosclerosis of the carotid arteries manifests itself in the last turn when a similar process has already damaged other large vessels. Therefore, it is worth treating this pathology in time to prevent its distribution to other arteries.