Parkinson’s disease is one of the most horrible and mysterious diseases of the nervous system. Modern medicine still does not have an answer to the question of why Parkinson’s disease develops and whether it is possible to work out an effective prevention system. Everything related to the causes of Parkinson disease is still a mystery to scientists, but the course of the disease has been studied well and is now actively working to find medication, as well as means that can prolong the patient’s life and improve its quality. My Canadian Pharmacy is one of the sources of medications to treat Parkinson’s disease.
Parkinson’s Disease: what the diagnosis means
It is a disease of the nervous system, in which neurons are gradually destroyed, producing one of the most important neurotransmitters – dopamine. Most often, Parkinson’s disease affects people aged 55–65 years. However, there are cases where the disease was diagnosed in young people aged 30–40 years. There is also the so-called juvenile form in which the disease affects teenagers under the age of 20 years. Men suffer from Parkinson’s disease more often than women, although science has not yet revealed the objective reasons for this fact.
There are 5 stages of Parkinson’s disease. This classification was developed in the 1960s and is still used:
- 0 – no motor impairment;
- I – motor impairment on one side of the body;
- II – bilateral motor disorders in which the patient walks without restrictions maintaining balance;
- III – moderate postural instability appears, but the patient does not need constant assistance;
- IV – there are significant disturbances in physical activity, the patient cannot perform complex movements, but does not need support in order to stand and walk;
- V – the patient can not move without help.
12 Symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease
Loss of smell
It is the first symptom of Parkinson’s syndrome. If you begin to smell in an inappropriate manner it is required to have the same test with products with a strong smell, such as bananas, cucumbers or licorice root. Loss of smell can be caused by a cold, but in this case, it should return when you recover.
Loss of taste
Parkinson’s disease is characterized by a loss of taste. It happens because of the constant and irreversible decrease in the level of dopamine produced by the brain, which is also responsible for coordination and pleasure.
Tremor, that is, trembling, may be one of the earliest signs of Parkinson’s. Pay attention to twitching fingers, hands and chin. Parkinson’s syndrome is most characterized by “resting tremor”, disappearing during movement. At the initial stage, the tremor frequency is 3–7 Hz, increasing with the progression of the disease.
Change in handwriting
Changing the handwriting is a warning sign. If you notice that the letters are smaller or the words are more tightly and jump back and forth, it is better to play it safe and consult a doctor. This phenomenon has a term – micrography, and it indicates violations in the central nervous system. However, with age, the handwriting may worsen for other reasons: the vision drops, and it becomes difficult for the fingers to hold the pen (for example, because of arthritis).
Sudden movements during sound sleep may be one of the signs of Parkinson, but it should be considered in conjunction with others, turning in a dream is normal.
If people notice that your voice has become low and hoarse, think about it. In patients with Parkinson’s, the “power of the voice” fades away much faster than with ordinary age-related changes. The timbre can get trembling notes, and the speech itself can become unemotional.
Do you feel stiffness and tension in the limbs? If it is present but disappears when moving – everything is fine. If not, it can be either a Parkinson’s indicator or arthritis. People usually describe such “stiffness” in the muscles as: “I seem to be stuck to the floor.”
In scientific language, this symptom is called “bradykinesia” and is usually accompanied by muscle stiffness. It can manifest itself in both slowing gait and loss of speed in reading or speaking.
If the daily stools are accompanied by pain and tension, this is a reason to include more fluid and fiber in the diet or check the instructions for your medications for side effects.
“Mask” on the face
Doctors call “Masked Parkinson’s” an amusement face – a person seems upset or apathetic, even if he is in a good mood, he blinks less often. Many patients do not notice this symptom until it is specified by others. It also happens due to a lack of dopamine: the facial muscles harden and lose speed. In the early stages of the disease, this symptom manifests itself in the slowness of mimics.
Constant pain in the cervical spine
Usually, this sign of Parkinson is found in women. According to statistics, this is the third most noticeable symptom after tremor and muscle stiffness. This pain does not go away after a day or two, as usual: it does not stop even in a dream. In some, the symptom manifests itself as a tingling or numbness of the cervical region.
Parkinson’s disease affects the autonomic nervous system, so the body loses control over basic functions like sweating. For no reason, a man begins to sweat. In scientific language, this is called “hyperhidrosis.” Many women compare these sensations with menopausal hot flashes. Also, pay attention to the condition of the skin of the body (it becomes oily) and of the head (dandruff appears).