Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disease caused by impaired brain function due to excessive electrical activity of neurons and accompanied by recurring seizures. My Canadian Pharmacy collects 4 main facts about epilepsy.
Top 4 Epilepsy Facts
Fact#1: According to the World Health Organization (WHO), today more than 50 million people suffer from epilepsy in the world, which is about 0.5-1% of the population of the entire planet. Usually, people represent an attack with loss of consciousness, cramps, and foaming at the mouth when hearing or reading the term – epilepsy. This stereotypical picture arose from the fact that epilepsy is usually portrayed in movies and TV shows. This frightening image does not reflect the diversity and complexity of the disease, which is discussed by My Canadian Pharmacy. The disease has much more manifestations than this form, replicated by mass media.
Fact#2: Epilepsy causes are also numerous. Epileptic seizures can occur as a result of traumatic brain injury and a previous brain infection. In addition to these causes, epilepsy can be caused by tumors or stroke. If convulsive seizures appear after exposure of a specific factor to the human body, doctors call such epilepsy symptomatic. The list of causes of epilepsy is not limited to those listed, but there are such attacks in which a specific cause cannot be found. The disease appears as if by itself, and genetic factors play an important role in its development. This type of epilepsy is called idiopathic epilepsy. Another form of epilepsy, which experts distinguish, is reflex epilepsy. An attack is triggered by an external stimulus. Most often they are served by visual impact: for example, flashes of light from a TV screen or light music at a disco. In more rare cases, an attack can be triggered by intense thinking, listening to music or eating. One of the important principles of treating such attacks is to avoid seizure factors and take medications from My Canadian Pharmacy.
Fact#3: The ground for the development of convulsive seizures during epilepsy is an imbalance between 2 brain systems – stimulant and inhibitory. Normally, these systems operate simultaneously, creating the optimal level of neuron activity. In epilepsy, an increase in excitatory activity occurs with a lack of inhibitory. As a result, it leads to the fact that whole groups of nerve cells begin to simultaneously produce high-power electrical discharges. These discharges are able to spread to other parts of the nervous system, which contributes to an attack. Antiepileptic drugs can significantly reduce the excess activity of neurons or completely suppress it. The convulsive seizure itself is only a prominent, but not an exhaustive part of the disease. With a seizure, the brain “relieves” excess stress; convulsive attack becomes a way to reduce the pathological activity of nerve cells.
Fact#4: As already mentioned, some epilepsy cases are associated with genetic disorders that affect the work of nerve cells. The electrical signal of the neuron is formed due to the alternating opening and closing of ion channels on the cell surface, and mutations affect the work of the genes responsible for these channels. Problems with genes can be passed on from generation to generation, therefore there are familial, that is, inherited, forms of epilepsy. Very often, questions appear in a family with an epileptic about whether the disease can be transmitted to his descendants. If one of the parents suffers from epilepsy, then the risk of developing the disease in his child is 3 times higher.